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Sunday, March 25, 2012 FM 3-25.150 TABLE OF CONTENTS

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It is important to note that Fairbain taught a total system, including the use of impact weapons, edged weapons, firearms as well of hand-to hand methods. This “all-in” system is known by many terms. The SOE called it Silent Killing. Current military terminology prefers CQB, or Close-Quarter Battle. American instructors refer to CQC, Close-Quarter Combatives. Fairbairn called it “Gutterfighting” To quote Fairbairn….”You’re interested only in disabling or killing your enemy. That’s why I teach what I call Gutterfighting. There’s no fair play; no rules except one: kill or be killed”.Wartime exigencies severely limited training time. To traditional martial artists who think in terms of years of training the program seems ridiculously short, surely you can’t teach a system in a few hours? However, current research by training organisations such as Bruce Siddle’s’ PPCT indicates such thinking is 360º wrong. In fact, if you can’t teach the system in a short time it probably won’t work in the street. In gutterfighting, less is more. Let’s look at a typical syllabus:-
  1. The edge of hand blow (known today the Axe-hand, familiar to Karate practitioners as Shuto)
  1. Tiger’s claw (A direct palm-heel strike)
  1. Chin jab (A palm-heel strike done as an uppercut)
  1. Kicking; the edge of boot kick
  1. Knee (delivered to testicles)
  1. Thunderclap {strike to ears}
Various wartime instructors taught additional strikes, such as Hammerfist, Elbow-smash etc, but even with these, the core syllabus was small, deliberately so.These strikes are very simple, but there are technical distinctions that identify real wartime training: 
FOOTWORK, taught to allow violent movement on uneven, or, slippery ground, rather than the martial arts equivalent suitable only for the gym 
WEIGHT TRANSFER, to increase impact. 
DENIAL OF REACTION TIME, all strikes were non-telegraphic, there was no preparation, no giveaways. Also use was made of masking. For example, Fairbairn regarded the eyes as a prime target, but they were never attacked directly, because of the natural defensive instinct. By using the chin-jab, or, Tiger-claw the eyes were attacked indirectly, but nevertheless, effectively.It was W.E. Fairbairn’s thought that if an individual mastered these methods of striking, he would be able to effectively deal with any unarmed opponent, only if the person applying them used them in combination and in a strong attacking manner.

From above, Tiger’s claw (A direct palm-heel strike) and Thunderclap {strike to ears} and from below Guillotine - these are assassins’ deadly combat moves used against innocent civilians.

Guillotine from U.S. Army 2002 Combatives Manual FM 3-25 150  - See pages: 10, 56, 57, 58, 106, 107, 154, 155, 156, 157, 158, 260, 261, 262

...from the mount and guard. • Front guillotine choke. d. Period 4 (2 hours). • Warm-up... p. 10

...and relax into the choke. c. Front Guillotine Choke. Many times this technique may be... p. 56

...his own chest. Figure 3-42. Front guillotine choke, step 1. 3-29 ... p. 56

...with both hands. Figure 3-43. Front guillotine choke, step 2. 3-30 ... p. 57

...with his legs. Figure 3-44. Front guillotine choke, step 3. d. Bent Arm Bar from the... p. 58

...3-25.150 b. Guillotine Choke. When you are attempting the arm ... p. 106

...are sitting straight up. Figure 4-55. Guillotine choke, step 1. (2) Step 2 (Figure 4-56)... p. 106 facing your body. Figure 4-56. Guillotine choke, step 2. 4-32 ... p. 106

...3-25.150 Figure 4-56. Guillotine choke, step 2 (continued). (3) Step 3 (... p. 107

...and push with your legs. Figure 4-57. Guillotine choke, step 3. 4-33 ... p. 107

...AGAINST HEADLOCKS a. Defend the Guillotine. (1) Step 1 (Figure 5-19). When you fin... p. 154

...When you find yourself caught in the guillotine choke, reach over the enemy’s opposite ... p. 154 you. Figure 5-19. Defend the guillotine, step 1. (2) Step 2 (Figure 5-20). As t... p. 154

...set him down. Figure 5-20. Defend the guillotine, step 2. 5-13 ... p. 154

...3-25.150 Figure 5-20. Defend the guillotine, step 2 (continued). Figure 5-20. Defe

... p. 155...(continued). Figure 5-20. Defend the guillotine, step 2 (continued). 5-14 ... p. 155

...head free. Figure 5-21. Defend the guillotine, step 3. b. Defend the Guillotine with ... p. 156

...the guillotine, step 3. b. Defend the Guillotine with Knee Strikes. When the enemy has s... p. 156

...When the enemy has secured the guillotine choke, he may attempt to direct knee st... p. 156

...leg back. Figure 5-22. Defend the guillotine with knee strikes, step 1. 5-15 ... p. 156

...the ground. Figure 5-23. Defend the guillotine with knee strikes, step 2. Figure 5-23... p. 157

...step 2. Figure 5-23. Defend the guillotine with knee strikes, step 2 (continued). ... p. 157

...5-24). Figure 5-24. Defend the guillotinewith knee strikes, caution. c. Headlock

... p. 158...arm lock, 4-30 (illus, 4-30, 4-31) guillotine choke, 4-32 (illus, 4-32, 4-33) sweeps,... p. 260

...3-26 (illus, 3-26 thru 3-28) front guillotine, 3-29 (illus, 3-29 thru 3-31) from knee... p. 261

...knee mount, 4-45 (illus, 4-45, 4-46) guillotine, 4-32 (illus, 4-32, 4-33) defend, 5-13 ... p. 261

...3-25.150 front guillotine choke, 3-29 (illus, 3-29 thru 3-31) rea... p. 262

U.S. Army 2002 Combatives Manual - FM 3-25.150 TABLE OF CONTENTS PDF Download


*FM 3-25.150 (FM 21-150)
Field Manual
No. 3-25.150
Department of the Army
Washington, DC, 18 January 2002

FM 3-25.150


Table of Contents

1-1. Definition of Combatives
1-2. Purposes of Combative Training
1-3. Basic Principles
1-4. Safety
Section I.Train-the-Trainer
2-1. Responsibilities of Trainers
2-2. Safety Precautions
Section II.Unit Training
2-3. Basic or One-Station Unit Training
2-4. Unit Sustainment Training Program
Section III.Training Areas
2-5. Training Formations
2-6. Matted Room
2-7. Pit Construction
2-8. Bayonet Assault Course
Section IV.Teaching Techniques
2-9. Warm-Ups and Stretches
2-10. Crawl, Walk, and Run
2-11. Demonstrations
2-12. Execution by the Numbers
2-13. Execution at Combat Speed
2-14. Drills
2-15. Training Pads and Other Protective Equipment
Section I.Dominant Body Position
3-1. Back Mount
3-2. Front Mount
3-3. Guard
3-4. Side Control
Section II.Basic Techniques
3-5. Body Positioning Moves
3-6. Finishing Moves
3-7. Drills
3-8. Defense Against Headlocks
Section I.Advanced Attacks
4-1. Advanced Body Positions
4-2. Pass the Guard
4-3. Attacks from the Mount
4-4. Attacks from the Back Mount
4-5. Attacks from the Guard
4-6. Knee Mount
4-7. Leg Attacks
Section II.Strikes
4-8. Pass the Guard
4-9. Striking from Side Control
4-10. Defending Against Strikes in the Guard
5-1. Breakfalls
5-2. Closing the Distance and Achieving the Clinch
5-3. Throw and Takedown Techniques
5-4. Defending Against Headlocks
5-5. Takedowns from Against a Wall
5-6. Double Leg Attack
5-7. Single Leg Attacks
5-8. Attacks from the Rear
6-1. Arm Strikes
6-2. Punching Combinations
6-3. Kicks
6-4. Transition Between Ranges
Section I.Offensive Techniques
7-1. Angles of Attack
7-2. Rifle with Fixed Bayonet
7-3. Bayonet/Knife
7-4. Knife-Against-Rifle Sequence
7-5. Advanced Weapons Techniques and Training
Section II.Field-Expedient Weapons
7-6. Entrenching Tool
7-7. Three-Foot Stick
7-8. Six-Foot Pole
Section I.Unarmed Opponent
8-1. Defense Against Chokes
8-2. Defense Against Bear Hugs
Section II.Armed Opponent
8-3. Defense Against Armed Opponent
8-4. Defense Against a Knife
8-5. Unarmed Defense Against a Rifle with Fixed Bayonet
Section I.Lethal Force Scenarios
9-1. Range
9-2. Control
9-3. Finishing
Section II.Restrictive Force Scenarios
9-4. Two Against One
9-5. Three Against Two
9-6. Parity
9-7. One Against Two
9-8. Two Against Three
DISTRIBUTION RESTRICTION: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.

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